All About Clear Cover is Provided in RCC

All About Clear Cover is Provided in RCC

Concrete is a widely used building material in the construction industry, known for its strength and durability. However, to ensure the longevity of concrete structures, it is crucial to protect them from external factors such as weathering, chemical corrosion, and physical damage. This is where clear covers in reinforced concrete (RCC) play a vital role. In this article, we will delve into the importance of clear covers in RCC, their purpose, and factors to consider while selecting and providing clear cover in concrete structures. Understanding the key aspects of clear covers in RCC is vital for architects, engineers, and contractors to design and construct durable and sustainable concrete structures.

Why clear cover is provided in RCC? and how much clear cover is provided?

Why clear cover is provided in RCC? and how much clear cover is provided?

Clear cover is the term used to describe the distance between the surface of the reinforcing steel and the surface of the concrete in reinforced concrete structures. In other words, it is the amount of concrete covering the reinforcement bars in a structure.

Providing a clear cover is crucial in RCC construction to ensure the durability and strength of the structure. The main purpose of having a clear cover is the protection of the reinforcing bars from damage caused by external factors such as corrosion, fire, and mechanical stresses.

One of the primary factors contributing to corrosion of reinforcement bars is moisture. When there is no clear cover present, moisture can easily seep through the concrete and reach the steel bars, causing them to rust and corrode. This can significantly weaken the structure and can even lead to its failure. A clear cover, therefore, acts as a barrier against moisture and helps to prevent corrosion of the reinforcing bars.

In addition to corrosion, the clear cover also provides protection against fire. When exposed to high temperatures, concrete can spall or crack, exposing the reinforcement bars. If the clear cover is inadequate, the steel bars will quickly lose their strength, adversely affecting the overall stability of the structure.

The clear cover also plays a crucial role in providing sufficient ductility to the structure. During earthquakes or other seismic events, the concrete and steel bars undergo deformations as they absorb the energy of the earthquake. If the clear cover is inadequate, the steel bars may deform excessively, leading to the collapse of the structure.

Moreover, the clear cover also helps in achieving proper bond between the concrete and the reinforcement bars. Insufficient cover can result in inadequate bond strength, which can lead to the bars detaching from the concrete. This can significantly compromise the strength and stability of the structure.

The amount of clear cover provided in RCC structures depends on several factors such as the type of structure, its location, and the environmental conditions it will be subjected to. As a general guideline, the minimum clear cover for various structural elements is specified in the design codes. For example, the minimum clear cover for beams is 25mm, while it is 20mm for columns, and 15mm for slabs.

In conclusion, the provision of clear cover in RCC is a critical aspect of structural design. It not only helps in protecting the reinforcement bars from corrosion, fire, and mechanical stresses, but also ensures the durability, strength, and stability of the structure. Therefore, it is crucial to strictly adhere to the recommended clear cover requirements for different structural elements to ensure the safety and longevity of the structure.


In conclusion, clear cover is an essential component in reinforced concrete construction that cannot be overlooked. It plays a significant role in providing strength, durability, and protection to the structure. The recommended clear cover thickness varies depending on the type and location of the structure, and it is crucial to adhere to these guidelines to ensure the structural integrity and longevity of the building. Factors that can affect the clear cover include environmental conditions, design loads, and construction techniques, which should be carefully considered during the construction process. In summary, understanding and implementing the proper clear cover requirements is vital in creating a safe, strong, and long-lasting reinforced concrete structure.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *