Clear Cover for Slab, Beam, Column, Staircase and Footing


Clear Cover for Slab, Beam, Column, Staircase and Footing

Translucent Covering for Slabs, Beams, Columns, Stairs, and Floors covers slab clear cover, beam clear cover, column clear cover, clear cover for staircase, and footing clear cover.

Generally, a little cover is taken as 15mm to 75 mm for RCC work.

The Buildings consist of structural elements such as slabs, beams, columns, and footings. Each of these structural members plays a specific role in the structure.

The article presents several aspects of these structural members, for example, their functions, the types of loads imposed on them, and the method of transferring loads from one member to another.

Transparent cladding is the solid surface for all structural members, such as footings, columns, beams, and slab types.

The compact body provides long-lasting concrete life and frees the RCC structure from rust and corrosion.

What Is the Clear Cover?

What Is the Clear Cover?

A short gap, often referred to as the clear cover for footing or concrete cover for footing, is a transparent cover between the outer surface of the concrete and the reinforcement.

This means that the steel rod is provided inside the concrete structure.

This transparent cover for different formats depends on the ‘system design’ and its length, width, and load on the system.

Reinforcing bars have a transparent coating to protect them from corrosion and provide thermal insulation.

The minimum distance is the transparent cover between the outer surface of the concrete and the outer face of the primary reinforcement or steel bar.

It is the distance measured between the exposed concrete face and the adjacent steel reinforcement surface.

The transparent cover is the gap between the surface of the unplastered sensitive concrete and the second finish of the adjacent surface of the reinforcing bar.

Due to the transparent coating, some of the concrete adheres to the outer surface of the steel, which gives the bar more strength, reduces the chance of slipping, and increases its durability of the bar.

The small body size is between 40 mm to 50 mm. The small body size of 40mm is perfect for dry weather and 50mm for wet, humid weather.

As per IS 456:2000, clause prescribes that the nominal cover size of a column using longitudinal reinforcement should not exceed 40 mm.

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The transparent body is the gap between the concrete surface’s outer edge and the reinforcement’s outer edge.

The transparent cover, or cover for slab beam column footing, is fixed for only some RCC members.

RCC members like footings, columns, beams, and roof slabs must have a clear lid.

  • For the roof slab, it must be 20 mm
  • For beams, columns, and footings, it shall be 40 mm.

If the section area of a particular RCC member is more expansive and the section area is smaller, then the transparent cover should be better. The concrete surface may fail if we do not adhere to the transparent lid. Therefore, many cracks will form.

Transparent cover for primary reinforcement:

  • SLABS: 15 mm
  • Beams: 25 mm
  • Column: 40 mm
  • CD: 15 mm
  • Footings: 40 mm

A concrete cover is used in the beam along the bottom and side faces of the shaft. Depending on the thickness of its application, clear plastic covers are also used in place of concrete surfaces.

Depending on the environmental conditions, the thickness of the concrete or clear cover varies between 25 mm and 35 mm.

25 mm thick concrete cover is applied in arid regions and 35 mm in coastal areas.

A transparent cover with a round shape is better when a stirrup cage keeps the connecting steel in position during concreting.

The size of the nominal surface of the beam should range between 25 mm to 40 mm.

A smaller surface of 25 mm is applicable in dry climates, and a size of 35 mm to 40 mm is used in wet or coastal environments.

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Clear Covers of the Slabs

Clear Covers of the Slabs

Slabs, with their essential slab clear cover, are vital structural elements that create flat, functional surfaces such as floors, ceilings, and roofs.

It is a horizontal structural element in which the top and bottom surfaces are parallel.

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And extensive corrosion affects the life of the structure and the safety of the system’s occupants.

Generally, slabs are supported by beams, concrete or steel columns, walls, or ground. Floor depth in a concrete slab is minimal compared to its span.

The transparent cover for slab steel is usually between 15 and 25 mm, depending on environmental conditions.

Types of Loads Acting on Slabs Include:

Types of Loads Acting on Slabs Include:

  • A dead load of the slab,
  • Live load,
  • Floor finished load,
  • Snow load in case of the roof slab,
  • Earthquake load

Clear Covers of the Beams:

Clear Covers of the Beams:The thickness of the concrete cover and precise cover ranges typically between 25 mm to 35 mm depending on the ecological circumstances.

A 25 mm thick beam clear cover is applied in dry areas and 35 mm in coastal areas.

A beam is a horizontal structural element that resists vertical loads, shear forces, and bending moments.

A transparent casing with a circular shape is better when using stirrup cages to enclose the connecting steel to retain its position during concreting.

The net effect of all the forces acting on the beam is to produce shear points and bending moments within the shaft, which induce the beam’s internal stresses, strains, and deflections.

Types of Loads on Beams:

  • Self-weight of the beam.
  • Dead loads include point loads, columns built on beams, and distributed loads, such
  • as shaft slabs.
  • Live load.
  • Torsion load.

Clear Covers of the Column:

Clear Covers of the Column:A column, with its specified column clear cover, is a vertical structural member that carries loads primarily in compression.

It is considered the most crucial structural member of the building, as the structure’s safety depends on the column’s strength.

Because the failure of one column will cause a progressive collapse in buildings that would not occur if other members failed.

Columns transfer vertical loads from roofs, floors, roof slabs, or beams to the foundation.

They also carry bending moments about one or both cross-section axes.

Types of Loads on Columns:

  • The self-weight of the column is multiplied by the number of stories.
  • Self-weight of beam per meter run.
  • Wall load per running meter.
  • Net Weight of Slab (Dead Load + Live Load + Self Weight).

Clear Cover of the Footings:

Clear Cover of the Footings:The footings, with their essential clear cover for footing, are structural elements that transmit the load of the entire superstructure to the underlying soil below the structure.

The footing structuring is directly in contact with the ground, dirt, and the PCC cement layer.

Extensive corrosion affects the life of the design and the safety of the systems of occupants.

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The transparent cover for slab steel is usually between 15 and 25 mm, depending on environmental conditions.

The required clear coat is maintained with the help of a specific structure known as a spacer.

If a transparent cover is provided at every 1-meter distance, the slab will not corrode.

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Type of Footing Load:

Type of Footing Load

  • Dead load
    • Self-weight of the elements
    • Superimposed loads like finish, partition, block work, and services.
  • live load
  • Impact load
  • Snow load
  • wind load
  • seismic force
  • Soil pressure
  • Rain load
  • Liquid load

Soil is the basic foundation of foundations. All energy exposed to the environment is transferred to the ground.

The soil will carry this load by a factor known as bearing capacity.

Bearing capacity varies from one type of soil to another, which is an essential factor for estimating footing size.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Clear Cover for Slab

A clear cover for a slab typically refers to a layer of material that is placed over the top of a concrete slab to protect the reinforcing steel bars inside from damage due to environmental factors, such as moisture and corrosion. The cover is typically specified by building codes or engineering standards, and is measured as the distance between the surface of the concrete and the nearest surface of the reinforcement.

Clear Cover for Beam

The clear cover for a beam is important because it provides a layer of protection for the reinforcement that is critical to the structural integrity of the beam. The reinforcement is typically made up of steel bars or wires, and if it is not properly protected, it can corrode and weaken over time. This can lead to cracks and even failure of the beam, which can be dangerous and costly to repair.

Clear Cover for Column

The clear cover is the distance measured from the exposed concrete surface (Without plaster and other finishes) to the nearest surface of the reinforcing bar of column or beam.

What Is Clear Cover?

Clear cover is the distance between the outer surface of concrete to the nearest surface of reinforcing bar.

Types of Loads on Beams

Types of Load in a Beam
  • Point or Concentrated load.
  • Uniformly distributed load.
  • Uniformly varying load.

Minimum Concrete Cover

Steel reinforcement in concrete cast against the earth shall have a minimum cover of 3 inches (75 mm). Minimum cover for reinforcement in concrete cast in removable forms that will be exposed to the earth or weather shall be 11/2 inches (38 mm) for No. 5 bars and smaller, and 2 inches (50 mm) for No. 6 bars and larger.


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