Who is the 1st engineer of India?

Who is the 1st engineer of India?

The engineering profession has played a crucial role in shaping and developing modern India. From constructing magnificent infrastructure projects to developing advanced technology, engineers have been at the forefront of India’s progress. But who was the first engineer of India? This question has sparked much debate and curiosity amongst scholars and historians. In this article, we will delve into the life and achievements of India’s first engineer, shedding light on their contributions to the field of engineering and their impact on India’s development.

Who is the 1st engineer of India?

The first engineer of India is considered to be Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, also known as Sir MV. He was a renowned civil engineer, statesman, and economist who made significant contributions to the development of India.

Born in Muddenahalli, Chikballapur district of Karnataka in 1861, Sir MV completed his primary education in his hometown and later pursued a Bachelor’s degree in Arts from Central College, Bengaluru. He then went on to study civil engineering at the College of Engineering, Pune, and graduated in 1884 with a gold medal.

Sir MV began his career as an Assistant Engineer in the Public Works Department (PWD) of Mumbai and worked on various projects such as dams, bridges, and railways. He also worked as an Assistant Executive Engineer in the Indian Irrigation Commission. In 1906, he joined the Hyderabad state and was appointed as the Chief Engineer of the Mysore State and later became the Diwan (Chief Minister) of Mysore.

During his tenure as the Diwan, Sir MV implemented various innovative projects such as the establishment of the Mysore Soap Factory, Mysore Iron and Steel Works, Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic, and the founding of the Bank of Mysore. He also played a crucial role in developing the irrigation system in the state, which helped in increasing agricultural productivity. Thanks to his efforts, Mysore became one of the most developed and prosperous states in India.

Sir MV’s contributions were not limited to Mysore. He was instrumental in the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mandya district of Karnataka, which was considered to be a marvel of engineering during that time. He was also involved in designing and implementing the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad and the drainage system for the city of Pune.

Apart from his accomplishments as an engineer, Sir MV also had a keen interest in economics and was instrumental in the formation of the Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), and National Aerospace Laboratories in Bangalore.

In recognition of his contributions, Sir MV was knighted by the British government in 1915 and also received the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1955. He is remembered as the “Father of Modern Mysore” and his birthday, September 15, is celebrated as Engineer’s Day in India to honor his legacy and contribution to the field of engineering.

Sir MV’s influence can still be seen and felt in the development of India. His engineering prowess, leadership skills, and dedication to the nation continue to inspire engineers and future generations. He will always be remembered as the first engineer of India who played a significant role in shaping the country’s growth and development.


In conclusion, it is evident that Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was the first engineer of India and a pioneer in the field of engineering. His contributions have had a significant impact on the development of infrastructure and modernization of India. His technical expertise, innovative ideas, and dedication towards nation-building have set a benchmark for aspiring engineers in the country. Sir MV’s legacy continues to inspire and motivate engineers to strive for excellence and contribute towards the progress of the nation. As we celebrate National Engineer’s Day in his honor, let us remember and honor the achievements of the first engineer of India, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, and continue to build on his vision for a more advanced and prosperous nation.


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